Experimental Analysis on Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste

Author(s):

Aromal Thampan; Munish Kumar Chandel

Published in:

HCTL Open International Journal of Technology Innovations and Research (IJTIR), eISSN: 2321-1814

Published on:

31-May-2015

Volume:

Volume 15, May 2015, ISBN:978-1-62951-974-6.

Copyright Information:

© 2015 by the Authors; Licensed by HCTL Open, India.

License Information:

This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Abstract

The application of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste, though well established in many European and other developed countries, the full scale anaerobic digestion of MSW is still in its infancy in India. A total of six different samples of MSW has been taken and anaerobically digested in Oxitop serum bottles and their biogas and methane generation potential is studied. It is inferred that around 45% of the biogas generated is methane taking into account that the gas collection was carried out with glass syringe method, which is an approximate method. The theoretical methane and biogas generation are compared to the experimentally derived results. Also, the characterization of the MSW had been studied for the influent and effluent samples experimentally. It had been found that the concentration of ammonical nitrogen increases and the concentration of nitrate and total phosphorus in the samples decreases at the end of anaerobic digestion.


Keywords

Anaerobic digestion; Municipal solid waste; Oxitop serum bottle; Methane; Biogas; Ammonical nitrogen; Nitrate; Total phosphorus.

Cite this Article

Aromal Thampan; Munish Kumar Chandel, Experimental Analysis on Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste, HCTL Open International Journal of Technology Innovations and Research (IJTIR), Volume 15, May 2015, eISSN: 2321-1814, ISBN (Print): 978-1-62951-974-6.

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